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Những quốc gia có thể đối đầu với Facebook sau Australia

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The decision to block news in Australia could lead Facebook to confront at least seven Western countries that are reviewing information control laws.

Facebook on February 18 prevented publishers and press agencies in Australia from posting news on their Facebook pages. Users of this country cannot share and view news articles, both domestically and internationally, on Facebook. Facebook users worldwide cannot share or view stories from Australian publishers either.

Mark Zuckerberg testifies before the US Senate in 2019. Photo: AP.
Mark Zuckerberg testifies before the US House of Representatives in 2019. Photo: AP.

The move is in response to the Australian parliament's review of the News Communications Negotiations Act, which requires Google and Facebook to pay Australian press agencies when news is shared on public platforms. turmeric.

This is the first time Facebook has acted so hard, but it may not be the last as a series of governments are reviewing new laws regarding paying for news.

America

In December 2020, the US Federal Trade Commission (FTC) filed two antitrust lawsuits against Facebook's purchase of Instagram and WhatsApp.

Besides the pressure from the FTC, the US News Media Alliance with 2,000 member organizations is also lobbying through the bill "Conservation and Competition of the Press" with provisions similar to that of Australia's. If approved, the law will allow publishers to "negotiate with key online platforms about the terms of their content distribution".

Facebook responded to these criticisms with a series of initiatives to fund the press and boost news content on its platform, including the Journalism Project and News entries, but their influence was rather lackluster and the media industry US information still struggles to compete with social networks.

Microsoft President Brad Smith also added fuel to the fire when he urged US lawmakers to draft a bill similar to Australia's proposal.

Canada

Canadian Heritage Minister Steven Guilbeault earlier this month promised to introduce new regulations, forcing tech giants to pay fees for news appearing on their platforms. It is not clear if this plan is any different from the Australian bill.

The announcement came after a nationwide campaign backed by 105 local newspapers, whose entire front page was left blank to emphasize the "urgent need for reform".

"News was never free. Our point of view is clear, publishers must be compensated and we will support them while they provide essential information for the benefit of the community. ", Said Minister Builbeault.

European Union (EU)

The EU has been at the forefront of efforts to regulate new data and technology in recent years, bringing in a series of laws to protect information and control digital corporations.

EU flags outside the headquarters of the European Parliament. Photo: Reuters.
EU flags outside the headquarters of the European Parliament. Photo: Reuters.

The EU is looking to follow in Australia's footsteps to force Facebook and Google to pay fees for news on their platforms. EU lawmakers want to develop the proposed framework under the EU Digital Services and Markets Act, although no details have been released yet.

European Parliamentarian Alex Saliba said the Australian government's approach has addressed the "serious power imbalance" between social networking platforms and news publishers. "The dominant position in the search, social media and advertising markets helps digital platforms create power imbalances and make a big profit from news content. I think it is a good thing for them to pay. equal, "he said.

Brother

The UK government's digital market team in December 2020 confirmed that Facebook and Google will soon have to pay news agencies to display their content. Members of the group proposed to create a watchdog called the "Electronic Market Unit", giving them the right to penalize 10% of global profits for each technology firm that did not meet the requirements.

"To ensure the UK continues to own a growing tech sector, users and businesses that depend on big companies like Google and Facebook should be treated fairly, and competitors should be placed on the playing field. help them deliver innovative products and services that we value highly. We need modern controls to drive innovation and act quickly to prevent problems, "he said. UK Competition and Market Authority (CMA) Director Andrea Coscelli said.

The Digital and Information Commission of the UK Parliament is also proposing MPs to publish a bill similar to Australia. Facebook last January launched its UK news program, providing users with information from a series of news outlets of the country.

France

The French Competition Commission is leading efforts to force technology platforms to pay for news for years.

France is the first EU country to apply a new copyright directive in 2019, which requires Google and Facebook to pay publishers b