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Máy lọc rượu phòng chống ngộ độc

Opgavebeskrivelse

Từ xưa tới nay, phong tục uống rượu, tiếp rượu không chỉ đơn thuẩn là thưởng thức hàng ngày, mà dần trở thành một văn hóa riêng của từng vùng miền, quốc gia. Tuy vậy, việc tiếp nhận lượng rượu nhiều quá mức độ cho phép cũng gây ra nhưng ảnh hưởng tới sức khỏe, chưa kể tới khả năng ngộ độc rượu nếu sử dụng rượu chứa Methanol hay rượu giả, rượu kém chất lượng.

1. SỰ ẢNH HƯỞNG CỦA RƯỢU TỚI CHỨC NĂNG GAN?
Gan là cơ quan có chức năng lọc và loại trừ chất độc trong đồ ăn thức uống ra khỏi máu, nhưng để làm công việc này hiệu quả, gan phải có đủ thời gian. Khi chúng ta uống bất cứ loại rượu nào, nồng độ rượu trong máu tăng nhanh và đạt mức tối đa sau nửa giờ nếu uống lúc đói và sau một giờ nếu uống trong bữa ăn. Khi ăn, rượu hấp thụ chậm hơn nhưng thức ăn vẫn không ngăn cản được rượu ngấm vào máu. Khi uống rượu bia với tốc độ chậm, lượng rượu ngấm vào cơ thể sẽ được lá gan đào thải một phần lớn; phần còn lại chỉ đủ tạo ra một cảm giác sảng khoái, hưng phấn nhẹ nhàng.

Trái lại, nếu uống một lúc vài ly ruợu mạnh có nồng độ cồn cao, một khối lượng cồn quá lớn sẽ đi nhanh vào máu, bắt buộc gan phải làm việc ngay lập tức với tần suất lớn để thải độc tố. Đến lúc này, gan không đào thải kịp nên lượng độc sẽ thẩm thấu nhanh hơn đến máu và các cơ quan khác, vì vậy người uống có cảm giác choáng váng, nôn nao khó chịu hoặc những phản ứng mạnh hơn. Đây cũng chính là biểu hiện mà cơ thể cảnh báo và phát tín hiệu cho não bộ chúng ta nhận biết để giảm lượng cồn. Tuy nhiên, chính bởi phản ứng nhanh mà cơ thể lại có khả năng thích nghi dần dần để phù hợp với chế độ mới, kết quả là lượng rượu uống ngày càng nhiều hơn để tạo cảm giác mạnh.

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